What Did Paul Mean by “Man is the Head of Woman?” (Part 3) Head (kephalē) as source. (Continued from part 2) A growing number of scholars including Gordon Fee, F. F. Bruce, Berkeley Mickelsen, Alevra Mickelsen, and Catherine Clark Kroeger believe that Paul’s use of kephalē should not be understood in terms of “leader “or […]
What Did Paul Mean by “Man is the Head of Woman?” (Part 2) There are three main ways of interpreting Paul’s metaphorical use of the word head (kephalē) in these two passages: 1. Head as “authority over” or “leader.” 2. Head as “source.” 3. Head as “prominent” or “preeminent.” Head (kephalē) as Authority Over or […]
The following passage of Scripture in 1 Timothy 2:11- 15 is often interpreted as a strict prohibition of women teaching men and is used to establish a doctrine of hierarchical superiority of men over women.
Much of the debate centers on Paul’s metaphorical use of head (kephale) in 1 Corinthians 11:3-16 and Ephesians 5:21-24. In both of these passages, Paul says that man is “the head of the woman.” Specifically, the debate revolves around what Paul meant by the phrase “man is the head of woman?”
Phoebe was a patron of the early Church and Paul’s emissary to the church at Rome. Her name means “radiant” or “pure.” She is identified as living in Cenchrea, a port city off the Saronic Gulf, not far from Corinth.